AskDefine | Define heterogeneous

Dictionary Definition

heterogeneous adj
1 consisting of elements that are not of the same kind or nature; "the population of the United States is vast and heterogeneous" [syn: heterogenous] [ant: homogeneous]
2 originating outside the body [syn: heterogenous] [ant: autogenous]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

Prefix hetero- + gene + -ous

Pronunciation

  • a UK /ˈhɛt.rə.dʒiːn.ʌs/|/ˈhɛt.rəʊ.dʒiːn.ʌs/; /"hEt.r@.dZi:n.Vs/|/"hEt.r@U.dZi:n.Vs/

Adjective

  1. Diverse in kind or nature; composed of diverse parts.
  2. Incommensurable because of different kinds.
  3. : Having more than one phase (solid, liquid, gas) present in a system or process.
  4. : Visibly consisting of different components.
  5. (information technology): A network comprising different types of computers, potentially with vastly differing memory sizes, processing power and even basic underlying architecture. Alternatively, a data resource with multiple types of formats.

Antonyms

Translations

for all definitions:

Related terms

Extensive Definition

Heterogeneous is an adjective used to describe something that has a large amount of variants or different forms. Derived from the Greek; heteros or 'other' and genos or 'kind'. It is the antonym of homogeneous, which means that an object or system consists of many identical items. Matters of a quantum can exist in homogenous or in heterogeneous or in combined distributions. The term is often used in a scientific (such as a kind of catalyst), mathematical, sociological or statistical context.
A heterogeneous compound, mixture, reaction or other such object is one that consists of many different items, which are often not easily sorted or separated, though they are clearly distinct.
A heterogeneous mixture is a mixture of two or more compounds. In chemical kinetics, a heterogeneous reaction is one that takes place at the interface of two or more i.e. between a solid and a gas, a liquid and a gas, or a solid and a liquid.
= Statistics =
In meta analysis the term refers to the presence of multiple non-random intercepts in a dataset. In Meta-analysis of clinical studies which involves comparing and quantifying the effects of separate studies, heterogeneity refers to the differences in study populations or in methodologies used to study them that may have the effect of reaching differing conclusions. This is a problem as it calls into question conclusions that are drawn from studies and reduces their comparability. The following concepts are important in understanding the importance of heterogeneity in meta-analytical research.
Clinical Heterogeneity:
Heterogeneity resulting from differences in clinical features of a population that is being studied or treated.
Methodological Heterogeneity:
Heterogeneity resulting from the differential use of study methodology. These may lead to different conclusions in different studies, despite their clinical characteristics being the same.
Statistical Heterogeneity:
Heterogeneity resulting from either clinical or statistical heterogeneity, which leads to a difference in expected results, more than which can be accounted for by chance.

Systems

In the world of enterprise computing, heterogeneous data is a mix of data from two or more sources, often of two or more formats, e.g., SQL and XML.
Distributed systems are called heterogeneous if they contain many different types of hardware and software.

Social and human science

Homogeneity and heterogeneity are terms used to describe variety in many aspects of human groups, communities and populations, including cultural, demographic, ethnic and socio-political. In Economics and Social Sciences, 'heterogeneous agents' refers to a set of agents with different properties. The opposite of 'heterogeneous agents' in economic terminology is 'representative agent'.

General

In taxonomy, a heterogeneous taxon is a taxon that contains a great variety of individuals or sub-taxa; usually this implies that the taxon is an artificial grouping.

Genetics

In genetics, heterogeneity refers to multiple origins causing the same disorder in different individuals.

Allelic heterogeneity

If a number of different mutations occurring the same gene produce disorders, it is said to manifest allelic heterogeneity. This term has been used when a number of different alleles cause a similar phenotype or different phenotypes.
Example diseases:
  • Different FBN1 mutations causing Marfan's syndrome
  • Cystic fibrosis is cause by greater than 900 different mutant alleles.
  • Alpha-Thalassemia or sickle cell anemia can be caused by different mutations in alpha-globin gene.

Locus (Non-allelic) Heterogeneity

If mutations at a number of different loci of the same gene, or mutations involving different genes, all result in the same disorder, such disorder is said to manifest locus heterogeneity.
Example Disease:
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa has autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, and x-linked origins.
heterogeneous in Arabic: متغاير
heterogeneous in Czech: Heterogennost
heterogeneous in German: Heterogenität
heterogeneous in Spanish: Sistema heterogéneo
heterogeneous in Hebrew: הטרוגניות
heterogeneous in Russian: Гетерогенная система
heterogeneous in Slovenian: Heterogen
heterogeneous in Turkish: Heterojen

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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